Comparison List


Dendra2 is a photoconvertible green fluorescent protein published in 2006, derived from Dendronephthya sp.. It has high acid sensitivity.
Oligomerization Organism Molecular Weight Cofactor
Monomer Dendronephthya sp. 26.1 kDa -

FPbase ID: GE6KO


State Ex λ Em λ EC (M-1 cm-1) QY Brightness pKa Maturation (min) Lifetime (ns)
Green 490 507 45,000 0.5 22.5 6.6   3.3
Red 553 573 35,000 0.55 19.25 6.9   4.4


From To Switch λ
Green Red 405
Green Red 480


State t1/2 (s) Power Light Mode In Cell Fusion ˚C Reference
Green 30.0 4.4 (mW/cm2) Arc-lamp Widefield Kaberniuk et al. (2017)
Red 1050.0 4.4 (mw/cm2) Arc-lamp Widefield Kaberniuk et al. (2017)

Dendra2 Sequence

Dendra2 was derived from Dendra with the following mutations: M1_N2insNTPGI/A224V



Deposited: ,


PS-CFP2 can be effectively photoactivated by UV-laser line only. Dendra2, on the other hand, can be photoactivated using either violet or blue light, through either arc lamp or laser light irradiation.

Chudakov et al. (2007)

PS-CFP2 can be used in combination with red or far-red fluorescent protein for dual color labeling. Dendra2 cannot be combined with green or red fluorescent proteins, since it occupies both green and red channels. It cannot be combined with blue fluorescent proteins either, since they require violet light excitation, which causes photoactivation of Dendra2.

Chudakov et al. (2007)

Primary Reference

Additional References

  1. moxDendra2: an inert photoswitchable protein for oxidizing environments

    Kaberniuk Aa, Morano Nc, Verkhusha Vv, Snapp El

    (2017). Chemical Communications, 53(13) , 2106-2109. doi: 10.1039/c6cc09997a. Article   Pubmed

  2. Revealing the Excited-State Dynamics of the Fluorescent Protein Dendra2

    Fron E, Van Der Auweraer M, Moeyaert B, Michiels J, Mizuno H, Hofkens J, Adam V

    (2013). The Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 117(8) , 2300-2313. doi: 10.1021/jp309219m. Article   Pubmed

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